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Proceedings Paper

Ablation of dentin by irradiation of violet diode laser
Author(s): H. Hatayama; J. Kato; G. Akashi; Y. Hirai; A. Inoue
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Paper Abstract

Several lasers have been used for clinical treatment in dentistry. Among them, diode lasers are attractive because of their compactness compared with other laser sources. Near-infrared diode lasers have been practically used for cutting soft tissues. Because they penetrate deep to soft tissues, they cause sufficiently thick coagulation layer. However, they aren't suitable for removal of carious dentin because absorption by components in dentin is low. Recently, a violet diode laser with a wavelength of 405nm has been developed. It will be effective for cavity preparation because dentin contains about 20% of collagen whose absorption coefficient at a violet wavelength is larger than that at a near-infrared wavelength. In this paper, we examined cutting performance of the violet diode laser for dentin. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports on application of a violet laser to dentin ablation. Bovine teeth were irradiated by continuous wave violet diode laser with output powers in a range from 0.4W to 2.4W. The beam diameter on the sample was about 270μm and an irradiation time was one second. We obtained the crater ablated at more than an output power of 0.8W. The depth of crater ranged from 20μm at 0.8W to 90μm at 2.4W. Furthermore, the beam spot with an output power of 1.7W was scanned at a speed of 1mm/second corresponding to movement of a dentist's hand in clinical treatment. Grooves with the depth of more than 50μm were also obtained. From these findings, the violet diode laser has good potential for cavity preparation. Therefore, the violet diode laser may become an effective tool for cavity preparation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 February 2006
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6137, Lasers in Dentistry XII, 61370D (15 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.645767
Show Author Affiliations
H. Hatayama, Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. (Japan)
J. Kato, Tokyo Dental College (Japan)
G. Akashi, Tokyo Dental College (Japan)
Y. Hirai, Tokyo Dental College (Japan)
A. Inoue, Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6137:
Lasers in Dentistry XII
Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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