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Proceedings Paper

A brief history of 'pixel'
Author(s): Richard F. Lyon
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Paper Abstract

The term pixel, for picture element, was first published in two different SPIE Proceedings in 1965, in articles by Fred C. Billingsley of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The alternative pel was published by William F. Schreiber of MIT in the Proceedings of the IEEE in 1967. Both pixel and pel were propagated within the image processing and video coding field for more than a decade before they appeared in textbooks in the late 1970s. Subsequently, pixel has become ubiquitous in the fields of computer graphics, displays, printers, scanners, cameras, and related technologies, with a variety of sometimes conflicting meanings.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 February 2006
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 6069, Digital Photography II, 606901 (10 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.644941
Show Author Affiliations
Richard F. Lyon, Foveon Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6069:
Digital Photography II
Nitin Sampat; Jeffrey M. DiCarlo; Russel A. Martin, Editor(s)

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