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Proceedings Paper

Electric field induced reorientation of polar molecules in a poly(methy1 methacrylate) film studied by electroabsorption spectroscopy
Author(s): Erko Jalviste; Nobuhiro Ohta
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Paper Abstract

Electroabsorption (EA) or Stark effect spectroscopy is a widely used method for characterizing the dopant molecules in polymer films and the films themselves. In this method the spectrum of a small (~0.1%) absorbance change induced by a strong (~1 MV/cm) electric field is measured. Analysis of the spectra provides information about the change in dipole moment and the change in polarizability accompanying an electronic transition. We measured near-UV absorption and EA spectra of indole-doped poly (methy1 methacrylate) (PMMA) film prepared by a spin coating method. In the normal-incidence EA spectrum a negative contribution, being proportional to the absorption, was observed. In the case of magic angle between the electric vectors of the absorbed light and the applied field this contribution disappeared. These observations have been explained by field-induced orientation/alignment of the ensemble of polar indole molecules. Since the ground state dipole of indole is nearly parallel with the transition dipole, the absorption rate of light, which is polarized perpendicularly to the applied field, should be smaller. Our study demonstrated that the angular movement of indole-sized molecules in PMMA at room temperature is hindered, but not stopped.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 June 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5946, Optical Materials and Applications, 59460M (12 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.639175
Show Author Affiliations
Erko Jalviste, Univ. of Tartu (Estonia)
Nobuhiro Ohta, Hokkaido Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5946:
Optical Materials and Applications
Arnold Rosental, Editor(s)

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