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Proceedings Paper

Cell-micropatterning by micromolding in capillary technique based on UV polymerization
Author(s): Min Ju Park; Won Mook Choi; O. Ok Park
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Paper Abstract

Although optical lithography or photolithography is one of the most well-established techniques for micro, nano-fabrication, its usage with proteins and cells is restricted by steps that must be carried out in harsh organic solvents. Here, we present simple methods for cell-micropatterning using poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) as a mold. Cell non-adhesive surface or nonfouling surface providing a physico-chemical barrier to cell attachment was introduced for biomaterial pattering, where cells fail to interact with the surface over desired periods of time determined by each application. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was selected as nonfouling material to inhibit protein adsorption from biological media. The fouling resistance of PEG polymer is often explained by a steric repulsion interaction, resulting from the compression of PEG chains as proteins approach the surface. We also chose fibronectin to direct cell attachment because it is an extracellular matrix protein that is involved in the adhesion and spreading of anchorage-dependent cells. In our experiment, we propose two methods by application of micromolding in capillary (MIMIC) method based on UV polymerization to obtain a surface of alternating PEG and fibronectin. First to fabricate PEG microstructure via MIMIC method, a pre-patterned PDMS mold is placed on a desired substrate, and then the relief structure in the mold forms a network of empty channels. A drop of ethylene glycol monomer solution containing initiator for UV polymerization is placed at the open ends of the network of channels, which is then polymerized by exposure to UV light at room temperature. Once PEG microstructure is fabricated, incubation of the patterned surface in a fibronectin-containing solution allows back-filling of only the bare regions with fibronectin via adsorption. In the alternative method, a substrate is first incubated in a fibronectin-containing solution, leading to the adsorption of fibronectin over the entire surface, and the fibronectin-adsorbed substrate is then micropatterned with the PEG by MIMIC based on UV polymerization. Both methods create reproducible alternating PEG and fibronectin patterns applicable to cell-surface interactions on the microscale.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 January 2006
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6036, BioMEMS and Nanotechnology II, 60361I (19 January 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.638215
Show Author Affiliations
Min Ju Park, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Won Mook Choi, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
O. Ok Park, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6036:
BioMEMS and Nanotechnology II
Dan V. Nicolau, Editor(s)

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