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Proceedings Paper

Development of surface thermal lensing technique in absorption and defect analyses of optical coatings
Author(s): Hongbo He; Xia Li; Shuhai Fan; Jianda Shao; Yuanan Zhao; Zhengxiu Fan
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Paper Abstract

Absorption is one of the main factors which cause damage to optical coatings, under the radiation of high power lasers. Surface thermal lensing (STL) technique was developed into a practical high-sensitivity apparatus for the weak absorption analysis of optical coatings. A 20 W continuous-wave 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser and a 30 mW He-Ne laser were employed as pump source and probe source, respectively. Low noise photoelectrical components and an SR830 DSP lock-in amplifier were used for photo-thermal deformation signal detection. In order to improve sensitivity, the configuration of the apparatus was optimized through choosing appropriate parameters, that including pump beam spot size, chopper frequency, detection distance, waist radius and position of probe beam. Coating samples were mounted on an x-y stage which was driven by high precision stepper motors. Different processes of absorption measurements, including single spot, linear scan and 2-dimension area scan, could be performed manually or automatically under the control of PC program. Various optical coatings were prepared by both electron beam evaporation and ion beam sputtering deposition. High sensitivity was obtained and low to 10 ppb absorption could be measured by surface thermal lensing technique. And a spatial resolution of 25 micron was proved according to the area scanning which traced out the profile of photo-thermal defects inside optical coatings. The system was employed in the analyses of optical absorption, absorption uniformity and defect distribution, and revealed the relationship between laser-induced damage and absorption of optical coatings.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 February 2006
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 5991, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2005, 59912F (7 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.634106
Show Author Affiliations
Hongbo He, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Xia Li, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Shuhai Fan, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Jianda Shao, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Yuanan Zhao, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Zhengxiu Fan, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5991:
Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2005
Gregory J. Exarhos; Arthur H. Guenther; Keith L. Lewis; Detlev Ristau; M.J. Soileau; Christopher J. Stolz, Editor(s)

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