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Proceedings Paper

A semi-blind logo watermarking scheme for color images by comparison and modification of DFT coefficients
Author(s): Janusz Kusyk; Ahmet M. Eskicioglu
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Paper Abstract

Digital watermarking is considered to be a major technology for the protection of multimedia data. Some of the important applications are broadcast monitoring, copyright protection, and access control. In this paper, we present a semi-blind watermarking scheme for embedding a logo in color images using the DFT domain. After computing the DFT of the luminance layer of the cover image, the magnitudes of DFT coefficients are compared, and modified. A given watermark is embedded in three frequency bands: Low, middle, and high. Our experiments show that the watermarks extracted from the lower frequencies have the best visual quality for low pass filtering, adding Gaussian noise, JPEG compression, resizing, rotation, and scaling, and the watermarks extracted from the higher frequencies have the best visual quality for cropping, intensity adjustment, histogram equalization, and gamma correction. Extractions from the fragmented and translated image are identical to extractions from the unattacked watermarked image. The collusion and rewatermarking attacks do not provide the hacker with useful tools.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 2005
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 6015, Multimedia Systems and Applications VIII, 60150C (24 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.631934
Show Author Affiliations
Janusz Kusyk, CUNY/Brooklyn College (United States)
Ahmet M. Eskicioglu, CUNY/Brooklyn College (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6015:
Multimedia Systems and Applications VIII
Anthony Vetro; Chang Wen Chen; C.-C. J. Kuo; Tong Zhang; Qi Tian; John R. Smith, Editor(s)

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