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Proceedings Paper

Monolithic DFB laser diodes emitting at 785 nm for in situ SER spectroscopy
Author(s): Martin Maiwald; Götz Erbert; Andreas Klehr; Bernd Sumpf; Hans Wenzel; Heinar Schmidt; Heinz-Detlef Kronfeldt
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Paper Abstract

A distributed feedback (DFB) laser diode emitting at 785 nm was used as light source for Raman spectroscopy. An in situ surface enhanced Raman spectroscopic (SERS) sensor was developed to detect polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in marine environment at concentration levels down to nmol/l. The DFB diode used in our SERS experiments had an output power of 150 mW at 785 nm and a spectral linewidth of 3 MHz. The wavelength stability of this laser was ± 0.004 nm over 12 hours. A side mode suppression ratio up to 45 dB was determined. For trace detection of chemicals in marine environment, SERS active substrates were employed based on silver colloids encapsulated in a sol-gel derived matrix. The resulting spectra and a limit of detection (LOD) of phenathrene (34 nmol/l) as an example for PAHs in seawater are presented. A concentration of 1 nmol/l of pyrene was detected.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 November 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5993, Advanced Environmental, Chemical, and Biological Sensing Technologies III, 599305 (8 November 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.630613
Show Author Affiliations
Martin Maiwald, Ferdinand-Braun Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik (Germany)
Götz Erbert, Ferdinand-Braun Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik (Germany)
Andreas Klehr, Ferdinand-Braun Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik (Germany)
Bernd Sumpf, Ferdinand-Braun Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik (Germany)
Hans Wenzel, Ferdinand-Braun Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik (Germany)
Heinar Schmidt, Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)
Heinz-Detlef Kronfeldt, Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5993:
Advanced Environmental, Chemical, and Biological Sensing Technologies III
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Robert A. Lieberman; Gunter Gauglitz, Editor(s)

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