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Proceedings Paper

Novel nano-defect measurement method of SOI wafer using evanescent light
Author(s): Ryusuke Nakajima; Takashi Miyoshi; Yasuhiro Takaya
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Paper Abstract

In order to realize high productivity and reliability of the modern semiconductor fabrication, defects inspection techniques for the layers of SOI (Silicon On Insulator) wafer become more essential. The layers on SOI wafer have only about 100~200nm thickness, at present, the technique of evaluating appropriately the defects in such thin layers does not exist. Novel optical defect measurement method to detect and classify the nano-defects that exist in the layers of SOI wafers by using evanescent field is proposed. In this method, propagating infrared laser in the layer generates evanescent field, which is affected by the defects existing on and below the surface. To execute light coupling into the layer, the prism coupler that is made of single crystal silicon was developed. In this paper, first the electromagnetic field in near-field of the wafer surface vicinity was analyzed by using FDTD (Finite Difference Time Domain) simulation tool. The results show this method can detect and classify the nano-meter scale defects on the surface and in the layers. Next the fundamental experiment was carried out to detect defects like sub-micrometer diameter hole that was fabricated on SOI wafer using FIB (Focused Ion Beam) machining. The experimental result also shows this method can detect the defects on the surface of SOI wafers sensitively.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 October 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6013, Optoelectronic Devices: Physics, Fabrication, and Application II, 60130N (25 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.630546
Show Author Affiliations
Ryusuke Nakajima, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Takashi Miyoshi, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Yasuhiro Takaya, Osaka Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6013:
Optoelectronic Devices: Physics, Fabrication, and Application II
Joachim Piprek, Editor(s)

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