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Proceedings Paper

A novel fruit shape classification method based on multi-scale analysis
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Paper Abstract

Shape is one of the major concerns and which is still a difficult problem in automated inspection and sorting of fruits. In this research, we proposed the multi-scale energy distribution (MSED) for object shape description, the relationship between objects shape and its boundary energy distribution at multi-scale was explored for shape extraction. MSED offers not only the mainly energy which represent primary shape information at the lower scales, but also subordinate energy which represent local shape information at higher differential scales. Thus, it provides a natural tool for multi resolution representation and can be used as a feature for shape classification. We addressed the three main processing steps in the MSED-based shape classification. They are namely, 1) image preprocessing and citrus shape extraction, 2) shape resample and shape feature normalization, 3) energy decomposition by wavelet and classification by BP neural network. Hereinto, shape resample is resample 256 boundary pixel from a curve which is approximated original boundary by using cubic spline in order to get uniform raw data. A probability function was defined and an effective method to select a start point was given through maximal expectation, which overcame the inconvenience of traditional methods in order to have a property of rotation invariants. The experiment result is relatively well normal citrus and serious abnormality, with a classification rate superior to 91.2%. The global correct classification rate is 89.77%, and our method is more effective than traditional method. The global result can meet the request of fruit grading.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 November 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5996, Optical Sensors and Sensing Systems for Natural Resources and Food Safety and Quality, 59961F (8 November 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.630526
Show Author Affiliations
Jiangsheng Gui, Zhejiang Univ. (China)
Yibin Ying, Zhejiang Univ. (China)
Xiuqin Rao, Zhejiang Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5996:
Optical Sensors and Sensing Systems for Natural Resources and Food Safety and Quality
Yud-Ren Chen; George E. Meyer; Shu-I Tu, Editor(s)

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