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Proceedings Paper

Properties of the binding in 12-group homonuclear dimers from excitation and fluorescence spectra
Author(s): J. Koperski; E. Czuchaj; M. Lukomski; M. Ruszczak
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Paper Abstract

Excitation and fluorescence ultraviolet spectra of 12-group homonuclear metal dimers (i.e., M2, where M=Zn, Cd and Hg) recorded at several molecular transitions provide information on interatomic potentials of the ground and low-lying excited electronic energy states of the dimers. In experiments the molecules were produced in a supersonic beam and were excited in a vacuum chamber using a dye-laser beam. Well-resolved vibrational structures in excitation spectra isotopic and rotational structures of the vibrational components as well as Condon internal diffraction patterns in the fluorescence bands were recorded and analyzed. Analyses of the excitation spectra lead to the analytical representations of the ground- and excited-state interatomic potentials. Analyses of the fluorescence profiles yielded information on the repulsive parts of the ground-state interatomic potentials. In the case of Cd2 and Hg2 the results confirm a relatively soft repulsion between two metal atoms in the short-range region of internuclear separation and make allowance for a theoretically predicted covalent admixture to the ground-state van der Waals binding. The hypothesis needs further corroboration. The determined interatomic potentials of mercury dimers were used in a proposed mechanism of vibrational cooling in translationally cold Hg2.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5849, Fifth Workshop on Atomic and Molecular Physics, (1 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.629469
Show Author Affiliations
J. Koperski, Jagiellonian Univ. (Poland)
E. Czuchaj, Jagiellonian Univ. (Poland)
M. Lukomski, Jagiellonian Univ. (Poland)
M. Ruszczak, Jagiellonian Univ. (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5849:
Fifth Workshop on Atomic and Molecular Physics
Jerzy Kwela; Ryszard Drozdowski; Tomasz J. Wasowicz, Editor(s)

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