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Proceedings Paper

Relationship between NDVI and the urban heat island effect in Beijing area of China
Author(s): Weidong Liu; Chongping Ji; Xiaoyan Jiang; Jiqin Zhong
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Paper Abstract

The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the thermal infrared information of remote sensing have been widely used to study urban climate. In this study, the time series of 8 km-spatial-resolution NDVI images obtained from the Pathfinder NOAA-AVHRR Land (PAL) dataset in the period of 1982 to 2000 was used to assess the trends of NDVI in Beijing both urban and rural areas. The relationship between the NDVI variation and urban heat island (UHI) intensity was investigated. And the results showed that the NDVI in Beijing urban region decreased with time and the NDVI in Beijing rural region had no obvious change. The annual UHI intensity increased with the increasing of NDVI difference between urban and rural regions. Meanwhile, the data of Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM +) combined with classification-based surface emissivity in Beijing area were utilized to estimate land surface temperature (LST). The relationship between LST and NDVI derived from ETM+ showed an obviously negative correlation. In general, in Beijing area the distribution of NDVI directly defined the distribution of LST. In the urban region the NDVI was small and LST was high, while in the rural region the NDVI was large and LST was small. The derived LST from ETM+ was also compared with measured air temperature at weather stations. There was an obvious correlation between surface temperature and air temperature. This indicates that the surface temperature derived from Landsat can describe the distribution of UHI.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5884, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability II, 58841R (1 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.628854
Show Author Affiliations
Weidong Liu, Institute of Urban Meteorology (China)
Chongping Ji, Institute of Urban Meteorology (China)
Xiaoyan Jiang, Institute of Urban Meteorology (China)
Jiqin Zhong, Institute of Urban Meteorology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5884:
Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability II
Wei Gao; David R. Shaw, Editor(s)

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