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Proceedings Paper

Photonic device applications of nano-engineered thin film materials
Author(s): Peter C. P. Hrudey; Andy C. van Popta; Jeremy C. Sit; Michael J. Brett
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Paper Abstract

Optical studies of porous nano-engineered thin film materials fabricated using Glancing Angle Deposition (GLAD) have been a focal point of research since the inception of the GLAD technique over ten years ago. As the sophistication of porous nano-engineered thin film designs has increased over the years, photonic device applications of these materials have been explored. We will review some of our recent advancements in the study and fabrication of porous nano-engineered thin films for optical applications including our group's work with helical films and devices, square spiral photonic crystal films, and graded-index (GRIN) films and devices. Initial optical studies of helical films focused upon the circular Bragg effects and optical rotatory dispersion exhibited by such structures. In recent years, the exploration of different materials and the fabrication of liquid crystal (LC) cells using these films have brought the prospect of using such film-LC hybrids in display applications much closer. Helical films made from luminescent materials have also been investigated and were found to emit partially circularly-polarized light. Our work with square spiral structures focuses upon the fabrication of periodic arrays of such structures in order to yield a three-dimensional photonic bandgap. Our techniques also enable the formation of designed defects in the array with relative ease, opening the door to a myriad of potential applications. Finally, we will discuss graded-index structures which are made by varying the porosity of the film structure during film growth. Films of this nature have been designed and fabricated for use as wide-band antireflection coatings, rugate filters, spectral-hole filters, and optical humidity sensors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 August 2005
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5931, Nanoengineering: Fabrication, Properties, Optics, and Devices II, 593113 (27 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.622281
Show Author Affiliations
Peter C. P. Hrudey, Univ. of Alberta (Canada)
Andy C. van Popta, Univ. of Alberta (Canada)
Jeremy C. Sit, Univ. of Alberta (Canada)
Michael J. Brett, Univ. of Alberta (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5931:
Nanoengineering: Fabrication, Properties, Optics, and Devices II
Elizabeth A. Dobisz; Louay A. Eldada, Editor(s)

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