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Proceedings Paper

A theoretical study of surface polaritons in asymmetric left-handed slab waveguides
Author(s): Kosmas L. Tsakmakidis; Christian Hermann; Andreas Klaedtke; Cécile Jamois; Ortwin G. Hess
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Paper Abstract

We investigate generalized asymmetric left-handed (LH) slab waveguides that constitute an extension to the symmetric structure initially proposed by Pendry. By utilizing the asymmetry it has been shown that they have the potential for increased image resolution. This is due to the amplification of the formed surface waves (SWs) that is able to compensate material losses. Some preliminary studies in this direction have been reported in the literature but, to the best of our knowledge, there is no complete study of all possible SW eigenmodes supported by such LH waveguides. A rigorous theoretical investigation is presented herein that offers clear mathematical explanation and detailed physical insight into the formation of surface polaritons (SPs) in these heterostructures and provides the conditions for their existence. It is found that a rich variety of SP modes can exist (30 in total) that depend critically on the combination of the different refractive indices, constitutive parameters ε(ω) and µ(ω) the sample geometry. For each case we provide the geometric dispersion diagram and the profile of the corresponding stable field configuration from which the various characteristics of the mode (enhancement, phase reversal) are apparent. An interesting result of the above analysis is that, for certain choices of the material parameters, the coupling between the interfaces allows the existence of new 'supermodes' when no stable solutions exist at the isolated interfaces of the slab alone. Finally, the modes that give rise to negative group velocity are identified and key features of the dispersion diagrams are discussed, most of which are unique to the structures studied herein and have not been previously recovered with symmetrical studies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 September 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5955, Metamaterials, 59550K (27 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.622244
Show Author Affiliations
Kosmas L. Tsakmakidis, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)
Christian Hermann, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)
Andreas Klaedtke, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)
Cécile Jamois, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)
Ortwin G. Hess, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5955:
Tomasz Szoplik; Ekmel Özbay; Costas M. Soukoulis; Nikolay I. Zheludev, Editor(s)

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