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Proceedings Paper

Emerging areas of scientific research using ultrashort-pulse x-ray sources
Author(s): G. K. Shenoy
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Paper Abstract

Over the past few decades, scientists have focused their attention on the development of concepts and designs, leading to demonstrations, of unique x-ray sources to perform femtosecond and attosecond science. The rewards of such an effort in the x-ray wavelength range will revolutionize the subfields of atomic physics, molecular physics, biology, condensed matter physics and material science. A brief review of this subject and its impact on emerging areas of science will be presented. The storage-ring-based synchrotron radiation sources are today's workhorses in providing both time-averaged and time-resolved structural and chemical information with subnanosecond to subsecond resolution using x-ray imaging, spectroscopy and scattering techniques. On the other hand, many phenomena are ultrafast with characteristic periods of a few femtoseconds to tens of picoseconds. These include electronic motions around a nucleus in an atom, atomic and molecular vibrational motions in matter, spin dynamics, chemical and biological reactions, and phase transitions in response to photoexcitation. Probing such phenomena using photon-excited pump-probe experiments will require both optical and x-ray sources with comparable resolution. In the future, sources based on atypical concepts in storage-rings, table-top plasma sources, laser-based high harmonic generation (HHG) sources, linac-based sources, such as energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) and x-ray free-electron lasers (FELs), will likely meet these demands.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 August 2005
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 5917, Fourth Generation X-Ray Sources and Optics III, 591709 (30 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.621406
Show Author Affiliations
G. K. Shenoy, Argonne National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5917:
Fourth Generation X-Ray Sources and Optics III
Roman O. Tatchyn; Sandra G. Biedron; Wolfgang Eberhardt, Editor(s)

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