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Proceedings Paper

Optical sensing using fiber Bragg gratings for monitoring structural damage in composite over-wrapped pressure vessels
Author(s): J. Grant
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Paper Abstract

Composite Over-Wrap Vessels are widely used in the aerospace community. They made of thin-walled bottles that are over wrapped with high strength fibers embedded in a matrix material. There is a strong drive to reduce the weight of space borne vehicles and thus pushes designers to adopt COPVs that are over wrapped with graphite fibers embedded in its epoxy matrix. Unfortunately, this same fiber/matrix configuration is more susceptible to impact damage than others and to make matters worse; there is a regime where impacts that damage the over wrap leave no visible scar on the COPV surface. In this paper FBG sensors are presented as a means of monitoring and detecting these types of damage. The FBG sensors are surface mounted to the COPVs and optically interrogated to explore the structural properties of these composite pressure vessels. These gratings optically inscribed into the core of a single mode fiber are used as a tool to monitor the stress strain relation in the composite matrix. The response of these fiber-optic sensors is investigated by pressurizing the cylinder up to its burst pressure of around 4500 psi. A Fiber Optic Demodulation System built by Blue Road Research, is used for interrogation of the Bragg gratings.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2005
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5911, Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications XI, 59110U (8 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.620528
Show Author Affiliations
J. Grant, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5911:
Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications XI
Francis T. S. Yu; Ruyan Guo; Shizhuo Yin, Editor(s)

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