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Proceedings Paper

A quantum symmetric key cipher (Y-00) and key generation (Quantum stream cipher-Part II)
Author(s): Osamu Hirota; Kentaro Kato; Masaki Sohma; Masaru Fuse
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Paper Abstract

What obstructs the realization of useful quantum cryptography is single photon scheme or entanglement which is not applicable to the current infrastructure of optical communication network. We are concerned with the following question: Can we realize the information theoretically secure symmetric key cipher under "the finite secret key" based on quantum-optical communications? A role of quantum information theory is to give an answer for such a question. As an answer for the question a new quantum cryptography was proposed by H. P. Yuen which can realize a secure symmetric key cipher with high speeds(Gbps) and for long distance(1000 Km). Although some researchers claim that Yuen protocol(Y-OO) is equivalent to the classical cryptography they arc all mistaken. Indeed it has no classical analogue and also provides a generalization even in the conventional cryptography. At present it is proved that a basic model of Y-OO has at least the security such as H(X/YE)=H(K/YE)=H(K), H(K/YE,X)~0 under the average photon number per signal light pulse:<n>~10000. Towards our final goal in this paper we clarify a role of classical randomness(secret key) and quantum randomness in Y-OO and give a rigorous quantum mechanical interpretation of the security showing an analysis of quantum collective attack.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5833, Quantum Informatics 2004, (1 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.620487
Show Author Affiliations
Osamu Hirota, Tamagawa Univ. (Japan)
Japan Science and Technology (Japan)
Chuo Univ. (Japan)
Kentaro Kato, Japan Science and Technology (Japan)
Chuo Univ. (Japan)
Masaki Sohma, Tamagawa Univ. (Japan)
Japan Science and Technology (Japan)
Masaru Fuse, Panasonic/Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5833:
Quantum Informatics 2004
Yuri I. Ozhigov, Editor(s)

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