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Proceedings Paper

The effect of active layer thickness on the efficiency of polymer solar cells
Author(s): Adam J. Moulé; Jörg B. Bonekamp; Alexander Ruhl; Heike Klesper; Klaus Meerholz
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Paper Abstract

At present, heterojunction polymer solar cells are typically fabricated with an active layer thickness of approximately 80 nm to 100 nm. This active layer thickness has traditionally been chosen based upon convenience and empirical results. However, a detailed mechanistic study of the effects of active layer thickness on the short circuit current and efficiency has never been performed for polymer solar cells. We demonstrate that using the high mobility materials regio regular poly(3-hexylthiophene and [6,6]-phenyl (P3HT) and C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), that high efficiency solar cells can be fabricated with active layer thickness greater than 100 nm. Devices with an active layer thickness of 200 nm are fabricated with a power efficiency of 4.1% under AM1.5 illumination at and intensity of 80 mW/cm2. In addition, we explain the variation in short circuit current density as a function of thickness using calculations of the distribution of the optical electric field intensity as a function of device thickness.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 October 2005
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5938, Organic Photovoltaics VI, 593808 (4 October 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.620452
Show Author Affiliations
Adam J. Moulé, Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Univ. of Cologne (Germany)
Jörg B. Bonekamp, Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Univ. of Cologne (Germany)
Alexander Ruhl, Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Univ. of Cologne (Germany)
Heike Klesper, Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Univ. of Cologne (Germany)
Klaus Meerholz, Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Univ. of Cologne (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5938:
Organic Photovoltaics VI
Zakya H. Kafafi; Paul A. Lane, Editor(s)

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