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Proceedings Paper

1.5 and 2.3 µm diode laser arrays for optical pumping
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Paper Abstract

High wall-plug efficiency and a wide range of available wavelengths make laser diode arrays preferable for many high-power applications, including optical pumping of solid state lasers. Recently, we designed and fabricated InGaAsP/InP arrays operating at 1.5-μm and In(Al)GaAsSb/GaSb arrays operating at 2.3-μm. We have demonstrated a high continuous-wave (CW) output power of 25 W from a one dimensional laser array and a quasi-CW (q-CW) output power of 110 W from a two dimensional laser array both operating near 1.5-μm. We have obtained a CW output power of 10 W from the 2.3-μm laser array. The 1.5-μm arrays are suitable for resonant pumping of erbium doped solid-state lasers, which require high power optical sources emitting in the narrow erbium absorption bands. Long current-injection pulses produce a considerable temperature increase within the diode laser structure which induces a red-shift of the output wavelength. This thermal drift of the laser array emission spectrum can lead to misalignment with the erbium absorption bands, which decreases pumping efficiency. We have developed an experimental technique to measure the time dependence of the laser emission spectrum during a single current pulse. From the red-shift of the laser emission, we determine the temperature of the laser active region as a function of time. The spacing between the individual laser emitters has an effect on the array heating. In steady state operation, this spacing is a contributing factor in the non-uniformity of the thermal field within the bar, and thus to the overall thermal resistance of the laser bar. Under pulse operation, the transient heating process can be divided into three time periods; each with its own heat transport condition. It was shown that in the initial period of time the heat propagates within the laser bar structure and the laser bar design (fill factor) strongly affects the active region temperature rise. In the later periods the temperature kinetics is insensitive to the fill factor. This analysis has been verified in experimental studies using the 1.5-μm laser arrays.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 September 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5887, Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring VI, 588711 (12 September 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.620001
Show Author Affiliations
A. Gourevitch, State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook (United States)
G. Belenky, State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook (United States)
L. Shterengas, State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook (United States)
D. Donetsky, State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook (United States)
D. Westerfeld, Power Photonic (United States)
B. Laikhtman, Power Photonic (United States)
R. U. Martinelli, Sarnoff Corp. (United States)
G. Kim, Sarnoff Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5887:
Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring VI
Upendra N. Singh, Editor(s)

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