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Proceedings Paper

Precision telescope pointing and spacecraft vibration isolation for the Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph
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Paper Abstract

The Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph is a visible-light coronagraph to detect planets that are orbiting within the Habitable Zone of stars. The coronagraph instrument must achieve a contrast ratio stability of 2e-11 in order to achieve planet detection. This places stringent requirements on several spacecraft subsystems, such as pointing stability and structural vibration of the instrument in the presence of mechanical disturbance: for example, telescope pointing must be accurate to within 4 milli-arcseconds, and the jitter of optics must be less than 5 nm. This paper communicates the architecture and predicted performance of a precision pointing and vibration isolation approach for TPF-C called Disturbance Free Payload (DFP)* . In this architecture, the spacecraft and payload fly in close-proximity, and interact with forces and torques through a set of non-contact interface sensors and actuators. In contrast to other active vibration isolation approaches, this architecture allows for isolation down to zero frequency, and the performance of the isolation system is not limited by sensor characteristics. This paper describes the DFP architecture, interface hardware and technical maturity of the technology. In addition, an integrated model of TPF-C Flight Baseline 1 (FB1) is described that allows for explicit computation of performance metrics from system disturbance sources. Using this model, it is shown that the DFP pointing and isolation architecture meets all pointing and jitter stability requirements with substantial margin. This performance relative to requirements is presented, and several fruitful avenues for utilizing performance margin for system design simplification are identified.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 August 2005
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 5899, UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes: Innovative Technologies and Concepts II, 589902 (18 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.618939
Show Author Affiliations
Larry Dewell, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
Nelson Pedreiro, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
Carl Blaurock, Nightsky Systems, Inc. (United States)
Kuo-Chia Liu, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
James Alexander, NASA Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Marie Levine, NASA Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5899:
UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes: Innovative Technologies and Concepts II
Howard A. MacEwen, Editor(s)

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