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Proceedings Paper

Density of gap states and defect reactions in crystalline pentacene
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Paper Abstract

The field-effect mobility in crystalline organic FETs is known to be an order of magnitude larger than the mobility observed in thin-film OFETs. We have shown for state-of-the-art crystalline pentacene that the density of gap states, and hence the field-effect mobility, is still limited by residual impurities and disorder in the material. We use photoconductivity and space-charge-limited current (SCLC) in pentacene single crystals to extract the density of states in the HOMO-LUMO bandgap. We find that purified crystals still possess band tails broader than those typically observed in inorganic amorphous solids. Results on field effect transistors (FETs) fabricated from similar crystals imply that the gap state density is much larger within 5-10 nm of the gate dielectric. We also have observed a defect generation phenomenon that is new to organic semiconductors. We use SCLC to study a defect in pentacene single crystals that can be created by bias stress and persists at room temperature for an hour in the dark but only seconds with 420nm illumination. The defect gives rise to a hole trap at Ev + 0.38eV and causes metastable transport effects at room temperature. Creation and decay rates of the hole trap have a 0.67eV activation energy with a small (108 sec-1) prefactor, suggesting that atomic motion plays a key role in the generation and quenching process. Clearly, such defect reactions could be a factor in the stability of pentacene OFETs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 August 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5940, Organic Field-Effect Transistors IV, 59400J (30 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.618462
Show Author Affiliations
D. V. Lang, Columbia Univ. (United States)
A. P. Ramirez, Lucent Technologies/Bell Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5940:
Organic Field-Effect Transistors IV
Zhenan Bao; David J. Gundlach, Editor(s)

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