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Proceedings Paper

Double stage Lyot coronagraph with the apodized reticulated stop for the Extremely Large Telescope
Author(s): Natalia Yaitskova
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Paper Abstract

One of the science drivers for the Extremely Large Telescope (ELT) is imaging and spectroscopy of exo-solar planets located as close as 20mas to their parent star [1]. The application requires a well thought-out design of the high contrast imaging instrumentation. Several working coronagraphic concepts have already been developed for the monolithic telescope with the diameter up to 8 meter. Nevertheless the conclusions made about the performance of these systems cannot be applied directly to the telescope of the diameter 30-100m. The existing schemes are needed to be reconsidered taking into account the specific characteristics of a segmented surface. We start this work with the classical system - Lyot coronagraph. We show that while the increase in telescope diameter is an advantage for the high contrast range science, the segmentation sets a limit on the performance of the coronagraph. Diffraction from intersegment gaps sets a floor to the achievable extinction of the starlight. Masking out the bright segment gaps in the Lyot plane although helps increasing the contrast, does not solve completely the problem: the high spatial frequency component of the diffractive light remains. We suggest using the Lyot stop which acts on the light within gaps in order to produce the uniform illumination in the Lyot plane. We show that for the diffraction limit regime and a perfect phasing this type of coronagraph achieves a sufficient star light extinction.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 August 2005
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5905, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets II, 59050X (31 August 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.616564
Show Author Affiliations
Natalia Yaitskova, European Southern Observatory (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5905:
Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets II
Daniel R. Coulter, Editor(s)

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