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Proceedings Paper

Trends in high power laser applications in civil engineering
Author(s): Sivakumaran Wignarajah; Kenji Sugimoto; Kaori Nagai
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Paper Abstract

This paper reviews the research and development efforts made on the use of lasers for material processing in the civil engineering industry. Initial investigations regarding the possibility of using lasers in civil engineering were made in the 1960s and '70s, the target being rock excavation. At that time however, the laser powers available were too small for any practical application utilization. In the 1980's, the technology of laser surface cleaning of historically important structures was developed in Europe. In the early 1990s, techniques of laser surface modification, including glazing and coloring of concrete, roughening of granite stones, carbonization of wood were pursued, mainly in Japan. In the latter part of the decade, techniques of laser decontamination of concrete surfaces in nuclear facilities were developed in many countries, and field tests were caried out in Japan. The rapid advances in development of diode lasers and YAG lasers with high power outputs and efficiencies since the late 1990's have led to a revival of worldwide interest in the use of lasers for material processing in civil engineering. The authors believe that, in the next 10 years or so, the advent of compact high power lasers is likely to lead to increased use of lasers of material processing in the field of civil engineering.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 March 2005
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5777, XV International Symposium on Gas Flow, Chemical Lasers, and High-Power Lasers, (23 March 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.611230
Show Author Affiliations
Sivakumaran Wignarajah, Taisei Corp. (Japan)
Kenji Sugimoto, Taisei Corp. (Japan)
Kaori Nagai, Taisei Corp. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5777:
XV International Symposium on Gas Flow, Chemical Lasers, and High-Power Lasers
Jarmila Kodymova, Editor(s)

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