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Proceedings Paper

Gamma-irradiation sensors on the basis of pure sol-gel quartz glasses
Author(s): Tatiana P. Yanukovich
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Paper Abstract

Optical fibers as detectors of radiation have a lot of advantages: big length, little diameter, no electrical interference, and an opportunity to measure radiation from the spread source. Optical characteristics of pure silica glasses as a material for optical fibers are very important. Spectroscopic parameters of high-purity silica glasses made by sol-gel technology have been investigated. Absorption bands are formed near 4.6, 2.0, 1.7 eV when glasses are subjected to γ-rays. This absorption bands are considered to be due to nonbridging oxygen hole centers (NBOHC). Dependence of integral absorption in the bands on irradiation dose for different samples of high-purity silica glass was received. Integral absorption in 4.6 eV-band increased with increasing of dose. And integral absorption in 2.0 eV-band also increased with increasing of dose, but position of its maximum shifts to smaller value of energy in samples with great content of oxygen. This shift is explained by increasing of absorption in 1.7-eV band. The experimental data gives that absorption bands are determined by presence of different types of NBOHC in the sample. Absorption band near 2.0 eV is due to NBOHC ≡ Si-O ↑. Absorption band near 4.6 and 1.7 eV is due to NBOHC ≡ Si-O-. The intensity of absorption band near 1.7 eV is determined by concentration of oxygen in the sample. Two principle schemes of optical fiber sensors are represented. Sensor of total dose operates on the basis of absorption measurement. Distributed sensor utilize backscattering and operated on the basis of optical time domain reflectometry method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 February 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5447, Lasers for Measurements and Information Transfer 2004, 544715 (16 February 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.610506
Show Author Affiliations
Tatiana P. Yanukovich, Belarusian State Univ. (Belarus)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5447:
Lasers for Measurements and Information Transfer 2004
Vadim E. Privalov, Editor(s)

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