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Proceedings Paper

A 3.2-GHz fully integrated low-phase noise CMOS VCO with self-biasing current source for the IEEE 802.11a/hiperLAN WLAN standard
Author(s): C. Quemada; I. Adin; G. Bistue; R. Berenguer; J. Mendizabal
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Paper Abstract

A 3.3V, fully integrated 3.2-GHz voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) is designed in a 0.18μm CMOS technology for the IEE 802.11a/HiperLAN WLAN standard for the UNII band from 5.15 to 5.35 GHz. The VCO is tunable between 2.85 GHz and 3.31 GHz. NMOS architecture with self-biasing current of the tank source is chosen. A startup circuit has been employed to avoid zero initial current. Current variation is lower than 1% for voltage supply variations of 10%. The use of a self-biasing current source in the tank provides a greater safety in the transconductance value and allows running along more extreme point operation The designed VCO displays a phase noise and output power of -98dBc/Hz (at 100 KHz offset frequency) and 0dBm respectively. This phase noise has been obtained with inductors of 2.2nH and quality factor of 12 at 3.2 GHz, and P-N junction varactors whose quality factor is estimated to exceed 40 at 3.2 GHz. These passive components have been fabricated, measured and modeled previously. The core of the VCO consumes 33mW DC power.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 June 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5837, VLSI Circuits and Systems II, (30 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.608108
Show Author Affiliations
C. Quemada, Ctr. de Estudios e Investigaciones Tecnicas de Gipuzkoa (Spain)
I. Adin, Ctr. de Estudios e Investigaciones Tecnicas de Gipuzkoa (Spain)
Univ. de Navarra (Spain)
G. Bistue, Ctr. de Estudios e Investigaciones Tecnicas de Gipuzkoa (Spain)
Univ. de Navarra (Spain)
R. Berenguer, Ctr. de Estudios e Investigaciones Tecnicas de Gipuzkoa (Spain)
Univ. de Navarra (Spain)
J. Mendizabal, Ctr. de Estudios e Investigaciones Tecnicas de Gipuzkoa (Spain)
Univ. de Navarra (Spain)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5837:
VLSI Circuits and Systems II
Jose Fco. Lopez; Francisco V. Fernandez; Jose Maria Lopez-Villegas; Jose M. de la Rosa, Editor(s)

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