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Proceedings Paper

Fiber-optic hydrophone array for acoustic surveillance in the littoral
Author(s): David Hill; Phillip Nash
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Paper Abstract

We describe a fibre-optic hydrophone array system architecture that can be tailored to meet the underwater acoustic surveillance requirements of the military, counter terrorist and customs authorities in protecting ports and harbours, offshore production facilities or coastal approaches. Physically the fibre-optic hydrophone array is in the form of a lightweight cable, enabling rapid deployment from a small vessel. Based upon an optical architecture of time and wavelength multiplexed interferometric hydrophones, the array is comprised of a series of hydrophone sub-arrays. Using multiple sub-arrays, extended perimeters many tens of kilometres in length can be monitored. Interrogated via a long (~50km) optical fibre data link, the acoustic date is processed using the latest open architecture sonar processing platform, ensuring that acoustic targets below, on and above the surface are detected, tracked and classified. Results obtained from an at sea trial of a 96-channel hydrophone array are given, showing the passive detection and tracking of a diver, small surface craft and big ocean going ships beyond the horizon. Furthermore, we describe how the OptaMarine fibre-optic hydrophone array fits into an integrated multi-layered approach to port and harbour security consisting of active sonar for diver detection and hull imaging, as well as thermal imaging and CCTV for surface monitoring. Finally, we briefly describe a complimentary land perimeter intruder detection system consisting of an array of fibre optic accelerometers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5780, Photonics for Port and Harbor Security, (19 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.607550
Show Author Affiliations
David Hill, QinetiQ Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Phillip Nash, QinetiQ Ltd. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5780:
Photonics for Port and Harbor Security
Michael J. DeWeert; Theodore T. Saito, Editor(s)

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