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Proceedings Paper

Microsensors for border patrol applications
Author(s): Dwight Falkofske; Brian Krantz; Ron Shimazu; Victor Berglund
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Paper Abstract

A top concern in homeland security efforts is the lack of ability to monitor the thousands of miles of open border with our neighbors. It is not currently feasible to continually monitor the borders for illegal intrusions. The MicroSensor System (MSS) seeks to achieve a low-cost monitoring solution that can be efficiently deployed for border patrol applications. The modifications and issues regarding the unique requirements of this application will be discussed and presented. The MicroSensor System was developed by the Defense Microelectronics Activity (DMEA) for military applications, but border patrol applications, with their unique sensor requirements, demand careful adaptation and modification from the military application. Adaptation of the existing sensor design for border applications has been initiated. Coverage issues, communications needs, and other requirements need to be explored for the border patrol application. Currently, border patrol has a number of deficiencies that can be addressed with a microsensor network. First, a distributed networked sensor field could mitigate the porous border intruder detection problem. Second, a unified database needs to be available to identify aliens attempting to cross into the United States. This database needs to take unique characteristics (e.g. biometrics, fingerprints) recovered from a specialized field unit to reliably identify intruders. Finally, this sensor network needs to provide a communication ability to allow border patrol officers to have quick access to intrusion information as well as equipment tracking and voice communication. MSS already addresses the sensing portion of the solution, including detection of acoustic, infrared, magnetic, and seismic events. MSS also includes a low-power networking protocol to lengthen the battery life. In addition to current military requirements, MSS needs a solar panel solution to extend its battery life to 5 years, and an additional backbone communication link. Expanding the capabilities of MSS will go a long way to improving the security of the nation's porous borders.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 May 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5796, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications VII, (27 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.607423
Show Author Affiliations
Dwight Falkofske, Booz Allen Hamilton (United States)
Brian Krantz, Booz Allen Hamilton (United States)
Ron Shimazu, Defense Microelectronics Activity (United States)
Victor Berglund, Crane Aerospace & Electronics AISD (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5796:
Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications VII
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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