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Proceedings Paper

Simulation of vehicle acoustics in support of netted sensor research and development
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Paper Abstract

The MITRE Corporation has initiated a three-year internally-funded research program in netted sensors, the first-year effort focusing on vehicle detection for border monitoring. An important component is developing an understanding of the complex acoustic structure of vehicle noise to aid in netted sensor-based detection and classification. This presentation will discuss the design of a high-fidelity vehicle acoustic simulator to model the generation and transmission of acoustic energy from a moving vehicle to a collection of sensor nodes. Realistic spatially-dependent automobile sounds are generated from models of the engine cylinder firing rates, muffler and manifold resonances, and speed-dependent tire whine noise. Tire noise is the dominant noise source for vehicle speeds in excess of 30 miles per hour (MPH). As a result, we have developed detailed models that successfully predict the tire noise spectrum as a function of speed, road surface wave-number spectrum, tire geometry, and tire tread pattern. We have also included realistic descriptions of the spatial directivity patterns for the engine harmonics, muffler, and tire whine noise components. The acoustic waveforms are propagated to each sensor node using a simple phase-dispersive multi-path model. A brief description of the models and their corresponding outputs is provided.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 May 2005
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5796, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications VII, (27 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.607146
Show Author Affiliations
Carol T. Christou, The MITRE Corp. (United States)
Garry M. Jacyna, The MITRE Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5796:
Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications VII
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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