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Proceedings Paper

Generation of atomic hydrogen in the air under action of beta decay of radioactive elements
Author(s): Sergei T. Penin; G. A. Kolotkov; Liliya K. Chistyakova
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Paper Abstract

Physical and chemical properties of the atmospheric components change under action of radioactive emissions, and, as a result, anomalous gas-aerosol and ionized areas are occurred and can be registered by remote optical and radiometric methods. One of the effects, in the view of passive detection of radioactive pollution is the dissociation of water vapor (H2O) and formation of anomalous fields with the high contents of hydrogen (H) and hydroxyl (OH), which spontaneous radiation in the microwave range can be used for identification of radioactivity in emissions. The process of electron multiplication due to degradation of energy of β-electrons, generated at decay of a radioactive isotope 85Kr in the emission stack is described in this paper. The estimation of atomic hydrogen concentration in cross-section of the stack on various distances from an emission source is carried out depending on its height and activity.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 December 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5743, Eleventh International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics, (15 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.606288
Show Author Affiliations
Sergei T. Penin, Institute of Atmospheric Optics (Russia)
G. A. Kolotkov, Institute of Atmospheric Optics (Russia)
Liliya K. Chistyakova, Institute of Atmospheric Optics (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5743:
Eleventh International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics
Gennadii G. Matvienko; Vladimir P. Lukin, Editor(s)

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