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Proceedings Paper

Dynamic effects and applications for nanosecond pulsed electric fields in cells and tissues
Author(s): Stephen J. Beebe; Peter F. Blackmore; Emily Hall; Jody A. White; Lauren K. Willis; Laura Fauntleroy; Juergen F. Kolb; Karl H. Schoenbach
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Paper Abstract

Nanosecond, high intensity pulsed electric fields [nsPEFs] that are below the plasma membrane [PM] charging time constant have decreasing effects on the PM and increasing effects on intracellular structures and functions as the pulse duration decreases. When human cell suspensions were exposed to nsPEFs where the electric fields were sufficiently intense [10-300ns, ≤300 kV/cm.], apoptosis signaling pathways could be activated in several cell models. Multiple apoptosis markers were observed in Jurkat, HL-60, 3T3L1-preadipocytes, and isolated rat adipocytes including decreased cell size and number, caspase activation, DNA fragmentation, and/or cytochrome c release into the cytoplasm. Phosphatidylserine externalization was observed as a biological response to nsPEFs in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and p53-wildtype and -null human colon carcinoma cells. B10.2 mouse fibrosarcoma tumors that were exposed to nsPEFs ex vivo and in vivo exhibited DNA fragmentation, elevated caspase activity, and reduced size and weight compared to contralateral sham-treated control tumors. When nsPEF conditions were below thresholds for apoptosis and classical PM electroporation, non-apoptotic responses were observed similar to those initiated through PM purinergic receptors in HL-60 cells and thrombin in human platelets. These included Ca2+ mobilization from intracellular stores [endoplasmic reticulum] and subsequently through store-operated Ca2+ channels in the PM. In addition, platelet activation measured as aggregation responses were observed in human platelets. Finally, when nsPEF conditions followed classical electroporation-mediated transfection, the expression intensity and number of GFP-expressing cells were enhanced above cells exposed to electroporation conditions alone. These studies demonstrate that application of nsPEFs to cells or tissues can modulate cell-signaling mechanisms with possible applications as a new basic science tool, cancer treatment, wound healing, and gene therapy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5692, Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems III, (1 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.604449
Show Author Affiliations
Stephen J. Beebe, Eastern Virginia Medical School (United States)
Ctr. for Bioelectrics (United States)
Peter F. Blackmore, Eastern Virginia Medical School (United States)
Emily Hall, Eastern Virginia Medical School (United States)
Ctr. for Bioelectrics (United States)
Jody A. White, Eastern Virginia Medical School (United States)
Ctr. for Bioelectrics (United States)
Lauren K. Willis, Eastern Virginia Medical School (United States)
Laura Fauntleroy, Eastern Virginia Medical School (United States)
Juergen F. Kolb, Ctr. for Bioelectrics (United States)
Karl H. Schoenbach, Ctr. for Bioelectrics (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5692:
Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems III
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Warren S. Grundfest M.D.; David A. Benaron M.D.; Gerald E. Cohn, Editor(s)

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