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Proceedings Paper

Biosensor for underwater chemical sensing
Author(s): Anne W. Kusterbeck; Jeffrey R. Deschamps; Paul T. Charles
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Paper Abstract

Emerging biosensor approaches may prove useful in reducing false positives and improving detection probabilities for unexploded ordnance (UXO) and underwater explosives. NRL researchers previously developed a biosensor that was field-tested and validated for use in environmental remediation to detect explosives in groundwater. The sensor relies on the selective recognition by antibodies of target analytes, including the common explosives TNT and RDX. Laboratory work has demonstrated that sensors based on these displacement immunoassay formats can detect explosives at the part-per-trillion level in seawater. More recently, participating in an Office of Naval Research program on Chemical Sensing in the Marine Environment (CSME), tests were conducted in controlled underwater experiments at San Clemente, CA and Duck, NC. Simulated UXO targets, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) and multiple sensor approaches were used to demonstrate the feasibility of underwater chemical sensing. Efforts are now underway to integrate the biosensor into an underwater platform as part of a broader sensor system. We will describe results of these studies and outline possible operational scenarios for applications in harbor security.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5780, Photonics for Port and Harbor Security, (19 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.603913
Show Author Affiliations
Anne W. Kusterbeck, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Jeffrey R. Deschamps, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Paul T. Charles, Naval Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5780:
Photonics for Port and Harbor Security
Michael J. DeWeert; Theodore T. Saito, Editor(s)

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