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Proceedings Paper

SAR ATR using genetics based machine learning
Author(s): B. Ravichandran; Avinash Gandhe; Robert Smith; Raman Mehra
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Paper Abstract

Addressing the challenge of robust ATR, this paper describes the development and demonstration of Machine Learning for Robust ATR. The primary innovation of this work is the development of an automated way of developing heuristic inference rules that can draw on multiple models and multiple feature types to make more robust ATR decisions. The key realization is that this meta learning problem is one of structural learning; that can be conducted independently of parameter learning associated with each model and feature based technique, and more effectively draw on the strengths of all such techniques, and even information from unforeseen techniques. This is accomplished by using robust, genetics-based machine learning for the ill conditioned combinatorial problem of structural rule learning, while using statistical and mathematical techniques for parameter learning. This paper describes a learning classifier system approach (with evolutionary computation for structural learning) for robust ATR and points to a promising solution to the structural learning problem, across multiple feature types (which we will refer to as the meta-learning problem), for ATR with EOCs. This system was tested on MSTAR Public Release SAR data using nominal and extended operation conditions. These results were also compared against two baseline classifiers, a PCA based distance classifier and a MSE classifier. The systems were evaluated for accuracy (via training set classification) and robustness (via testing set classification). In both cases, the LCS based robust ATR system performed very well with accuracy over 99% and robustness over 80%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 2005
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5808, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XII, (19 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.603444
Show Author Affiliations
B. Ravichandran, Scientific Systems Co. Inc. (United States)
Avinash Gandhe, Scientific Systems Co. Inc. (United States)
Robert Smith, Univ. of the West of England (United Kingdom)
Raman Mehra, Scientific Systems Co. Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5808:
Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XII
Edmund G. Zelnio; Frederick D. Garber, Editor(s)

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