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Proceedings Paper

Validation of the QUick atmospheric correction (QUAC) algorithm for VNIR-SWIR multi- and hyperspectral imagery
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Paper Abstract

We describe a new visible-near infrared short-wavelength infrared (VNIR-SWIR) atmospheric correction method for multi- and hyperspectral imagery, dubbed QUAC (QUick Atmospheric Correction) that also enables retrieval of the wavelength-dependent optical depth of the aerosol or haze and molecular absorbers. It determines the atmospheric compensation parameters directly from the information contained within the scene using the observed pixel spectra. The approach is based on the empirical finding that the spectral standard deviation of a collection of diverse material spectra, such as the endmember spectra in a scene, is essentially spectrally flat. It allows the retrieval of reasonably accurate reflectance spectra even when the sensor does not have a proper radiometric or wavelength calibration, or when the solar illumination intensity is unknown. The computational speed of the atmospheric correction method is significantly faster than for the first-principles methods, making it potentially suitable for real-time applications. The aerosol optical depth retrieval method, unlike most prior methods, does not require the presence of dark pixels. QUAC is applied to atmospherically correction several AVIRIS data sets and a Landsat-7 data set, as well as to simulated HyMap data for a wide variety of atmospheric conditions. Comparisons to the physics-based Fast Line-of-sight Atmospheric Analysis of Spectral Hypercubes (FLAASH) code are also presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 2005
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5806, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XI, (1 June 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.603359
Show Author Affiliations
Lawrence S. Bernstein, Spectral Sciences, Inc. (United States)
Steven M. Adler-Golden, Spectral Sciences, Inc. (United States)
Robert L. Sundberg, Spectral Sciences, Inc. (United States)
Robert Y. Levine, Spectral Sciences, Inc. (United States)
Timothy C. Perkins, Spectral Sciences, Inc. (United States)
Alexander Berk, Spectral Sciences, Inc. (United States)
Anthony J. Ratkowski, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Gerald Felde, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Michael L. Hoke, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5806:
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XI
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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