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Proceedings Paper

Identification in static luminance and color noise
Author(s): Piet Bijl; Marcel P. Lucassen; Jolanda Roelofsen
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Paper Abstract

If images from multiple sources (e.g. from the different bands of a multi-band sensor) are displayed in color, Signal and Noise may appear as luminance and color differences in the image. As a consequence, the perception of color differences may be important for Target Acquisition performance with fused imagery. Luminance and color can be represented in a 3-D space; in the CIE 1994 color difference model, the three perceptual directions are lightness (L*), chroma (C*) and hue (h*). In this 3-D color space, we performed two perception experiments. In Experiment 1, we measured human observer detection thresholds (JND's) for uniformly distributed static noise (fixed pattern noise) in L*, C* or h* on a uniform background. The results show that the JND for noise in L* is significantly lower than for noise in C* or h*. In Experiment 2, we measured the threshold contrast for identification (orientation discrimination) of a Ushaped test target on a noisy background. With test symbol and background noise in L*, the ratio between signal threshold and noise level is constant. With the symbol in a different direction, we found little dependency on noise level. The results may be used to optimize the use of color to human detection and identification performance with multi-band systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 May 2005
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5784, Infrared Imaging Systems: Design, Analysis, Modeling, and Testing XVI, (12 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.602242
Show Author Affiliations
Piet Bijl, TNO Human Factors (Netherlands)
Marcel P. Lucassen, TNO Human Factors (Netherlands)
Jolanda Roelofsen, TNO Human Factors (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5784:
Infrared Imaging Systems: Design, Analysis, Modeling, and Testing XVI
Gerald C. Holst, Editor(s)

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