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Proceedings Paper

Visual enhancement of micro CT bone density images
Author(s): John S. DaPonte; Michael Clark; Megan Damon; Rebecca Kamins; Thomas Sadowski; Charles Tirrell
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Paper Abstract

The primary goal of this research was to provide image processing support to aid in the identification of those subjects most affected by bone loss when exposed to weightlessness and provide insight into the causes for large variability. Past research has demonstrated that genetically distinct strains of mice exhibit different degrees of bone loss when subjected to simulated weightlessness. Bone loss is quantified by in vivo computed tomography (CT) imaging. The first step in evaluating bone density is to segment gray scale images into separate regions of bone and background. Two of the most common methods for implementing image segmentation are thresholding and edge detection. Thresholding is generally considered the simplest segmentation process which can be obtained by having a user visually select a threshold using a sliding scale. This is a highly subjective process with great potential for variation from one observer to another. One way to reduce inter-observer variability is to have several users independently set the threshold and average their results but this is a very time consuming process. A better approach is to apply an objective adaptive technique such as the Riddler / Calvard method. In our study we have concluded that thresholding was better than edge detection and pre-processing these images with an iterative deconvolution algorithm prior to adaptive thresholding yields superior visualization when compared with images that have not been pre-processed or images that have been pre-processed with a filter.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 May 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5817, Visual Information Processing XIV, (25 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.602124
Show Author Affiliations
John S. DaPonte, Southern Connecticut State Univ. (United States)
Michael Clark, Southern Connecticut State Univ. (United States)
Megan Damon, Southern Connecticut State Univ. (United States)
Rebecca Kamins, Southern Connecticut State Univ. (United States)
Thomas Sadowski, Southern Connecticut State Univ. (United States)
Charles Tirrell, Southern Connecticut State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5817:
Visual Information Processing XIV
Zia-ur Rahman; Robert A. Schowengerdt; Stephen E. Reichenbach, Editor(s)

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