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Proceedings Paper

Experimental study of Nafion-based ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs) with glycerol as solvent
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Paper Abstract

Ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs) consist of a perfluorinated ionomer membrane (usually Nafion or Flemion) plated on both faces with a noble metal such as gold or platinum and neutralized with a certain amount of counterions that balance the electrical charge of anions covalently fixed to the membrane backbone. IPMCs are electroactive materials that can be used as actuators and sensors. Their electrical-chemical-mechanical response is highly dependent on the cations used, the solvent, the amount of solvent uptake, the morphology of the electrodes, and other factors. With water as the solvent, the applied electric potential must be limited to less than 1.3V at room temperature, to avoid electrolysis. Moreover, water evaporation in open air presents additional problems. These and related factors limit the application of IPMCs with water as the solvent. Glycerol has a viscosity of about 1000 times that of water at room temperature, and has a greater molecular weight. Like water, it consists of polar molecules and thus can serve as a solvent for IPMCs. We present the results of a series of tests on both Nafion-based IPMCs with glycerol as the solvent, and compare these with the results obtained using water. We also present the response of Nafion-based IPMCs with various cation forms treated with glycerol stimulated with suddenly applied and then sustained (DC) electric potentials in open air. IPMCs with glycerol as their solvent have greater solvent uptake, and can be subjected to relatively high voltages without electrolysis. They can be actuated in open air for rather long time periods. They may be good actuators when high-speed actuation is not necessary.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 May 2005
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 5759, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD), (6 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.599956
Show Author Affiliations
Shahram Zamani, Univ. of California/San Diego (United States)
Siavouche Nemat-Nasser, Univ. of California/San Diego (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5759:
Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD)
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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