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Proceedings Paper

Material design for immersion lithography with high refractive index fluid (HIF)
Author(s): Takashi Miyamatsu; Yong Wang; Motoyuki Shima; Shiro Kusumoto; Takashi Chiba; Hiroki Nakagawa; Katsuhiko Hieda; Tsutomu Shimokawa
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Paper Abstract

ArF immersion lithography is considered as the most promising next generation technology which enables to a 45 nm node device manufacturing and below. Not only depth of focus enlargement, immersion lithography enables to use hyper numerical aperture (NA) larger than 1.0 and achieve higher resolution capability. For 193nm lithography, water is an ideal immersion fluid, providing suitable refractive index and transmission properties. Furthermore the higher refractive index fluid is expected to provide a potential extension of optical lithography to the 32 nm node. This paper describes the material design for immersion lithography with high refractive index fluid. We have developed promising high refractive index fluids which satisfy the requirement for immersion fluid by screening wide variety of organic compounds. The physical and chemical properties of this high refractive index fluid are discussed in detail. Also the topcoat material which has good matching with high refractive index fluid is developed. While this topcoat material is soluble into aqueous TMAH developer, it does not dissolve into water or high refractive index fluid and gives suitable contact angle for immersion scan exposure. Immersion exposure experiments using high refractive index fluid with and w/o topcoat material was carried out and its lithographic performance is presented in this paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 May 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5753, Advances in Resist Technology and Processing XXII, (4 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.599165
Show Author Affiliations
Takashi Miyamatsu, JSR Corp. (Japan)
Yong Wang, JSR Corp. (Japan)
Motoyuki Shima, JSR Corp. (Japan)
Shiro Kusumoto, JSR Corp. (Japan)
Takashi Chiba, JSR Corp. (Japan)
Hiroki Nakagawa, JSR Corp. (Japan)
Katsuhiko Hieda, JSR Corp. (Japan)
Tsutomu Shimokawa, JSR Corp. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5753:
Advances in Resist Technology and Processing XXII
John L. Sturtevant, Editor(s)

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