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Proceedings Paper

Mask cost analysis via write time estimation
Author(s): Yuan Zhang; Rick Gray; Seurien Chou; Barry Rockwell; Guangming Xiao; Henry Kamberian; Rand Cottle; Alex Wolleben; Chris Progler
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Paper Abstract

Long write times have been an industry wide concern regarding rising mask costs. The purpose of this study is to develop a simple model that can predict mask write time precisely, without an e-beam writer. With a good understanding of the trade-offs between design complexity and write time, mask makers can work with mask designers more closely to simplify design and minimize mask cost. This work compared several basic models including calculations based on write area with a fixed e-beam shot size, a software estimation with a pre-set exposure, and a mask stage settling time. Our proposed model uses a completely different approach to examine the correlation between layout complexity (vertices count, total line edge, figure, etc.) through a CATS layout segmentation and actual write time. It is found that write time is a strong function of layout figure, vertex count and total line edge. Errors between actual write time and estimated write time from the new model reduced from 7% on average on the current production software to 3%. Additionally, the new model can operate independent of the writer type and without fractured data being transferred onto a writer. Also provided are a few case studies to evaluate the interaction between write time and basic shape/OPC (optical proximity correction). Using a simple design shape and a better data snapping strategy can reduce write time up to 10 fold for applications in nano-imprint template manufacturing. Several strategies to reduce mask cost are proposed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 May 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5756, Design and Process Integration for Microelectronic Manufacturing III, (5 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.598884
Show Author Affiliations
Yuan Zhang, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Rick Gray, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Seurien Chou, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Barry Rockwell, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Guangming Xiao, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Henry Kamberian, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Rand Cottle, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Alex Wolleben, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Chris Progler, Photronics, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5756:
Design and Process Integration for Microelectronic Manufacturing III
Lars W. Liebmann, Editor(s)

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