Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Air-coupled ultrasonic NDE of automotive tires
Author(s): Bernhard R. Tittmann; Jikai Du; Ian Lucas
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00

Paper Abstract

Evaluating the elastic properties of rubber is important for improving tire performance. Here, new ultrasonic techniques and results are reported for both soft rubber and real tire materials. First, on soft rubber, immersion C-Scan images revealed high attenuation and non-uniform grain size distribution. Through the application of new broadband, high power, high resolution transducers, air-coupled ultrasound succeeded in traveling through the soft rubber showing the efficiency of the new air coupled technique for imaging and evaluation of rubber materials. Secondly, sections of three tires were tested: (1) new, (2) 3 year-20,000 miles, (3) a 5 year-40,000 miles. Each tire section consists of three layers made of different rubber materials, separated by wire mesh. Because of the complexity of the tire’s structure and its high attenuation, evaluation of all three layers, but especially the middle layer, is difficult. High power tone-bursts at 1 MHz were applied to a high impedance immersion transducer. Layer reflections could be separated such that the middle layer and the wire belts at the interfaces could be interrogated. This report will detail our new techniques and provide examples for the results obtained.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 May 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5770, Advanced Sensor Technologies for Nondestructive Evaluation and Structural Health Monitoring, (9 May 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.598803
Show Author Affiliations
Bernhard R. Tittmann, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Jikai Du, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Ian Lucas, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5770:
Advanced Sensor Technologies for Nondestructive Evaluation and Structural Health Monitoring
Norbert Meyendorf; George Y. Baaklini; Bernd Michel, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top