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Proceedings Paper

Progress in optical imaging theory for trenches and lines
Author(s): Ching-Hua Chou; Gordon S. Kino
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Paper Abstract

We have been developing imaging theory for the confocal microscope and for interferometric microscopes. We are particularly interested in developing techniques for improving the accuracy of measurements of the width of trenches and lines in arrays of photoresist lines and trenches. We are also interested in using the theory to help us interpret phase measurements of phase shift masks with our interferometric microscope, the correlation microscope, as described in an accompanying paper. The aim is to get down to the smallest critical dimensions possible, in the 0.3 micrometers range, and to eliminate the discontinuities sometimes seen in measurements of trenches and lines; these discontinuities are due to resonances of the optical waves in the structure. Since a wide number of well characterized samples is not usually obtainable, this theory is extremely useful for understanding how the various features of a structure affect the form of cloud plots and linescans. A basic aim is to use the theoretical calculations to train pattern recognition algorithms and to determine how the shape and size of trenches and lines influence the form of the linescans and cloud plots we observe. It is particularly important to understand whether pattern recognition algorithms, which make use of the whole cloud plot rather than thresholding on a single linescan, are only using the information from the top of a trench or line. We need to determine whether linescans at all levels are, in fact, influenced by the size at the top and bottom of a trench or line. In this paper, we show that this is indeed the case, and that the theory is fairly adequate at the present time to give a fairly good representation of experimental results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1992
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1673, Integrated Circuit Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control VI, (1 June 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.59787
Show Author Affiliations
Ching-Hua Chou, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Gordon S. Kino, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1673:
Integrated Circuit Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control VI
Michael T. Postek, Editor(s)

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