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Proceedings Paper

Polarization properties of gelatin holograms
Author(s): Richard D. Rallison; Scott R. Schicker
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Paper Abstract

Dichromated gelatin exhibits variable changes in effective refractive index (n) from 1.54 before exposure to less than 1.25 as it expands during processing. This aerogel like effects causes aberrations in diffractive optics and Kogelnik's theory predicts strong polarization separation in gratings at many different angles other than 90 degrees. The diffraction efficiency of both S and P polarizations at any angle is dependent on the product of thickness and index modulation while the angle inside the medium is dependent on n. We investigated predicted conditions where only one polarization would be diffracted and subsequently proved n varies from about 1.4 to 1.2 after processing and depends on the film thickness and processing procedures. Transmission gratings made at angles from 36 to 66 degrees were fit to mathematical models as proof of the phenomena, some performed with extinction ratios greater than 100:1. We were also able to demonstrate a similar range in conformal reflection structures and to design a novel polarizer. The calculation of exposure geometries for display holograms becomes more accurate when index change is included in the formulas but some results remain hard to explain.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1992
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1667, Practical Holography VI, (1 May 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.59645
Show Author Affiliations
Richard D. Rallison, Ralcon Development Lab. (United States)
Scott R. Schicker, Ralcon Development Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1667:
Practical Holography VI
Stephen A. Benton, Editor(s)

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