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Proceedings Paper

Laser activated nanothermolysis of leukemia cells monitored by photothermal microscopy
Author(s): Dmitri Lapotko; Ekaterina Lukianova; Alexander Shnip; George Zheltov; Michail Potapnev; Valeriy Savitsky; Olga Klimovich; Alexander Oraevsky
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Paper Abstract

We are developing new diagnostic and therapeutic technologies for leukemia based on selective targeting of leukemia cells with gold nanoparticles and thermomechanical destruction of the tumor cells with laser-induced microbubbles. Clusters of spherical gold nanoparticles that have strong optical absorption of laser pulses at 532 nm served as nucleation sites of vapor microbubbles. The nanoparticles were targeted selectively to leukemia cells using leukemia-specific surface receptors and a set of two monoclonal antibodies. Application of a primary myeloid-specific antibody to tumor cells followed by targeting the cells with 30-nm nanoparticles conjugated with a secondary antibody (IgG) resulted in formation of nanoparticulate clusters due to aggregation of IgGs. Formation of clusters resulted in substantial decrease of the damage threshold for target cells. The results encourage development of Laser Activated Nanothermolysis as a Cell Elimination Therapy (LANCET) for leukemia. The proposed technology can be applied separately or in combination with chemotherapy for killing leukemia cells without damage to other blood cells. Potential applications include initial reduction of concentration of leukemia cells in blood prior to chemotherapy and treatment of residual tumor cells after the chemotherapy. Laser-induced bubbles in individual cells and cell damage were monitored by analyzing profile of photothermal response signals over the entire cell after irradiation with a single 10-ns long laser pulse. Photothermal microscopy was utilized for imaging formation of microbubbles around nanoparticulate clusters.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5697, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2005: The Sixth Conference on Biomedical Thermoacoustics, Optoacoustics, and Acousto-optics, (25 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.596372
Show Author Affiliations
Dmitri Lapotko, A.V. Luikov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute (Belarus)
Ekaterina Lukianova, A.V. Luikov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute (Belarus)
Alexander Shnip, A.V. Luikov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute (Belarus)
George Zheltov, A.V. Luikov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute (Belarus)
Michail Potapnev, Belarusian Research Ctr. for Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (Belarus)
Valeriy Savitsky, Belarusian Research Ctr. for Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (Belarus)
Olga Klimovich, Minsk State Medical Univ. (Belarus)
Alexander Oraevsky, Fairway Medical Technologies (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5697:
Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2005: The Sixth Conference on Biomedical Thermoacoustics, Optoacoustics, and Acousto-optics
Alexander A. Oraevsky; Lihong V. Wang, Editor(s)

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