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Proceedings Paper

Ultrafast laser processing of transparent materials
Author(s): Z. B. Wang; Ming Hui Hong; L. Yin; Tow Chong Chong
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Paper Abstract

The advantages of ultrafast laser processing of materials include a minimal thermal penetration region and low processing temperature, precision removal of material, and good-quality feature definition. In this paper, fs laser (800 nm, 100 fs) processing of transparent materials at different focus positions and different laser intensities is investigated. Different morphologies are presented and compared. It is found that at controlled laser fluences, both bowl-shape and hump-like microstructures can be produced at the material surfaces. The lengths of the cracks produced inside the bulk material were measured as a function of the focus positions. The physical mechanisms for the formation of different microstructures are discussed. To reduce the patterning size, we employ transparent particles as microlens on the surfaces by self-assembly. Parallel structures in nanometer scale were produced by single fs laser pulse irradiation. These nanostructures change their shapes at different laser energies. The optical near-field distribution around the particle was also calculated according to exact solution of light scattering problem.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2004
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5662, Fifth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication, (8 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.596288
Show Author Affiliations
Z. B. Wang, Data Storage Institute (Singapore)
National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
Ming Hui Hong, Data Storage Institute (Singapore)
National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
L. Yin, Data Storage Institute (Singapore)
National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
Tow Chong Chong, Data Storage Institute (Singapore)
National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5662:
Fifth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication
Isamu Miyamoto; Henry Helvajian; Kazuyoshi Itoh; Kojiro F. Kobayashi; Andreas Ostendorf; Koji Sugioka, Editor(s)

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