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Proceedings Paper

Model based scatter correction for cone-beam computed tomography
Author(s): Jens Wiegert; Matthias Bertram; Georg Rose; Til Aach
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Paper Abstract

Scattered radiation is a major source of image degradation and nonlinearity in flat detector based cone-beam CT. Due to the bigger irradiated volume the amount of scattered radiation in true cone-beam geometry is considerably higher than for fan beam CT. This on the one hand reduces the signal to noise ratio, since the additional scattered photons contribute only to the noise and not to the measured signal, and on the other hand cupping and streak artifacts arise in the reconstructed volume. Anti-scatter grids composed of lead lamellae and interspacing material decrease the SNR for flat detector based CB-CT geometry, because the beneficial scatter attenuating effect is overcompensated by the absorption of primary radiation. Additionally, due to the high amount of scatter that still remains behind the grid, cupping and streak artifacts cannot be reduced sufficiently. Computerized scatter correction schemes are therefore essential for achieving artifact-free reconstructed images in cone-beam CT. In this work, a fast model based scatter correction algorithm is proposed, aiming at accurately estimating the level and spatial distribution of scattered radiation background in each projection. This will allow for effectively reducing streak and cupping artifacts due to scattering in cone-beam CT applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5745, Medical Imaging 2005: Physics of Medical Imaging, (20 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.594520
Show Author Affiliations
Jens Wiegert, Univ. of Luebeck (Germany)
Philips Research Labs. (Germany)
Matthias Bertram, Philips Research Labs. (Germany)
Georg Rose, Philips Research Labs. (Germany)
Til Aach, Univ. of Luebeck (Germany)
RWTH Aachen Univ. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5745:
Medical Imaging 2005: Physics of Medical Imaging
Michael J. Flynn, Editor(s)

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