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Proceedings Paper

Natural language watermarking
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we discuss natural language watermarking, which uses the structure of the sentence constituents in natural language text in order to insert a watermark. This approach is different from techniques, collectively referred to as "text watermarking," which embed information by modifying the appearance of text elements, such as lines, words, or characters. We provide a survey of the current state of the art in natural language watermarking and introduce terminology, techniques, and tools for text processing. We also examine the parallels and differences of the two watermarking domains and outline how techniques from the image watermarking domain may be applicable to the natural language watermarking domain.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 March 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5681, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VII, (21 March 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.593790
Show Author Affiliations
Mercan Topkara, Purdue Univ. (United States)
Cuneyt M. Taskiran, Purdue Univ. (United States)
Edward J. Delp, Purdue Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5681:
Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VII
Edward J. Delp; Ping W. Wong, Editor(s)

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