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Proceedings Paper

A dynamic Monte Carlo model for predicting radiant exposure distribution in dental composites: model development and verifications
Author(s): Yin-Chu Chen; Jack L. Ferracane; Scott A. Prahl
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Paper Abstract

Photo-cured dental composites are widely used in dental practices to restore teeth due to the esthetic appearance of the composites and the ability to cure in situ. However, their complex optical characteristics make it difficult to understand the light transport within the composites and to predict the depth of cure. Our previous work showed that the absorption and scattering coefficients of the composite changed after the composite was cured. The static Monte Carlo simulation showed that the penetration of radiant exposures differed significantly for cured and uncured optical properties. This means that a dynamic model is required for accurate prediction of radiant exposure in the composites. The purpose of this study was to develop and verify a dynamic Monte Carlo (DMC) model simulating light propagation in dental composites that have dynamic optical properties while photons are absorbed. The composite was divided into many small cubes, each of which had its own scattering and absorption coefficients. As light passed through the composite, the light was scattered and absorbed. The amount of light absorbed in each cube was calculated using Beer's Law and was used to determine the next optical properties in that cube. Finally, the predicted total reflectance and transmittance as well as the optical property during curing were verified numerically and experimentally. Our results showed that the model predicted values agreed with the theoretical values within 1% difference. The DMC model results are comparable with experimental results within 5% differences.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 March 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5687, Lasers in Dentistry XI, (23 March 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.592276
Show Author Affiliations
Yin-Chu Chen, Oregon Health and Science Univ. (United States)
Jack L. Ferracane, Oregon Health and Science Univ. (United States)
Scott A. Prahl, Oregon Health and Science Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5687:
Lasers in Dentistry XI
Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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