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Proceedings Paper

Fast interpolation operations in non-rigid image registration
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Paper Abstract

Much literature on image registration has worked with purely geometric image deformation models. For such models, interpolation/resampling operations are often the computationally intensive steps when iteratively minimizing the deformation cost function. This article discusses some techniques for efficiently implementing and accelerating these operations. To simplify presentation, we discuss our ideas in the context of 2D imaging. However, the concepts readily generalize to 3D. Our central technique is a table-lookup scheme that makes somewhat liberal use of RAM, but should not strain the resources of modern processors if certain design parameters are appropriately selected. The technique works by pre-interpolating and tabulating the grid values of the reference image onto a finer grid along one of the axes of the image. The lookup table can be rapidly constructed using FFTs. Our results show that this technique reduces iterative computation by an order of magnitude. When a minimization algorithm employing coordinate block alternation is used, one can obtain still faster computation by storing certain intermediate quantities as state variables. We refer to this technique as state variable hold-over. When combined with table-lookup, state variable hold-over reduces CPU time by about a factor two, as compared to table-lookup alone.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2005
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5747, Medical Imaging 2005: Image Processing, (29 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.592243
Show Author Affiliations
Matthew W. Jacobson, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Jeffrey A. Fessler, Univ. of Michigan (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5747:
Medical Imaging 2005: Image Processing
J. Michael Fitzpatrick; Joseph M. Reinhardt, Editor(s)

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