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Enzymatic detection of troponin C and melittin bee
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Paper Abstract

One of the major goals of biosensor technology is to detect and quantify in detail analytes with very high accuracy. To achieve this, much of the emphasis in sensor fabrication has been laid on antibody-antigen interaction. The consequence of this focus of enzyme biosensor studies is the development of critical techniques which can be extended in the detection of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI). Biosensors for AMI have attracted considerable interest in the last few years since the monitoring of a specific substance is central in enzymatic reactions. This interest has led to the investigation of biochemical markers of myocardial injury. These biomarkers facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of patients with AMI. Serial measurements of biochemical markers are now universally accepted as an important determinant in AMI diagnosis. Due to their high sensitivity and specificity over other biomarkers, the troponins are the markers of choice for the diagnosis or exclusion of AMI. The present techniques used in the identification of the troponins are lengthy and require large amount of specimen solution. The present research is directed towards the identification of optical detection procedures that are compatible to the miniaturization. In the present study an effort has been made to study the antigen-antibody reaction of rabbit skeletal muscle troponin C (TnC) and bee venom melittin (ME). Fluorescence energy transfer experiments were done to investigate the Ca 2+ -dependant interaction of TnC-ME in a 1:1 complex. Experiments were also conducted on TnC-ME binding at different ratios. These results validate the biosensor technology and illustrate how a biosensor can be developed based on the study of interaction between monoclonal antibody and antigen reaction in real time. The reported experimental results provide valuable information that will be useful in the development of a biosensor for the detection of AMI.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 April 2005
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5705, Nanobiophotonics and Biomedical Applications II, (28 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.592181
Show Author Affiliations
Amritsar Jeetender, Concordia Univ. (Canada)
Ion Stiharu, Concordia Univ. (Canada)
Muthukumaran Packirisamy, Concordia Univ. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5705:
Nanobiophotonics and Biomedical Applications II
Alexander N. Cartwright; Marek Osinski, Editor(s)

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