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Proceedings Paper

Piezoelectric optical MEMS scanning fluorescence biosensor
Author(s): Joe Lo; Eun Sok Kim; Martin A. Gundersen; Laura Marcu
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Paper Abstract

Fluorescence spectroscopy plays a key role in a broad area of biological and medical applications. Development of fluorescence spectroscopy micro-devices will enable construction of fully integrated platforms for clinical diagnostics. We report the design, microfabrication and testing of a piezoelectric MEMS micro-grating as a part of the development of a combined spectral/time-resolved fluorescence biosensor for tissue characterization. For the design of the device, we simulated its theoretical performance using a piezoelectric multi-morph model with appropriate diffraction geometry. The microfabrication process was based on a SiN diaphragm (formed via KOH bulk-micromachining) on which the supporting layer of the micro-cantilevers was patterned. Piezoelectric ZnO was then magnetron sputtered and patterned on the cantilever as the physical source for linear actuation with low voltage (>32V). E-beam evaporation of aluminum formed the final reflective diffraction pattern as well as the electrode connections to the device units. The device actuation and displacement were characterized using LDDM (Laser Doppler Displacement Meter). Current cantilevers designed with 500 μm wide gratings (20 μm spacing) produced a maximum 38 μm bi-polar deflection at 3.5 kHz, with scanning from 350-650 nm at 26 nm resolution (10 nm with new 10 μm period prototype). The MEMS device was designed to be integrated with a fast response photomultiplier, and thus can be used with time-resolved fluorescence detection. Because in the case of time-resolved measurements, spectral resolution is not a crucial element, this configuration allows for the compensation of the geometric limitations (linear dispersion) of a micro-scale device that require wavelength differentiation and selection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5692, Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems III, (1 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.591386
Show Author Affiliations
Joe Lo, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Eun Sok Kim, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Martin A. Gundersen, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Laura Marcu, Univ. of Southern California (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5692:
Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems III
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Warren S. Grundfest M.D.; David A. Benaron M.D.; Gerald E. Cohn, Editor(s)

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