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Proceedings Paper

Laser tissue soldering with near-infrared absorbing nanoparticles
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Paper Abstract

Gold nanoshells are a new class of nanoparticles with tunable optical absorption that can be placed in the near infrared. Gold nanoshells consist of a spherical silica core surrounded by a thin gold shell. The ratio of the sizes of the core diameter to the shell thickness as well as the total size of the nanoshell determines the optical absorption properties. Previous experiments have shown that these nanoparticles are stable at >325°C for durations typical of laser tissue welding. We have investigated the use of gold nanoshells as exogenous NIR absorbers to facilitate ex vivo laser tissue soldering. For ex vivo testing, gold nanoshells with peak absorption at approximately 820 nm were suspended in an albumin solder formulation and applied to muscle strips, followed by irradiation of the tissue at 821 nm. Mechanical testing of nanoshell-solder welds in muscle revealed successful fusion of tissues with tensile strengths of the weld site equal to the native tissue. The use of thermally stable nanoshells as an exogenous absorber allows the usage of light sources that are minimally absorbed by tissue components, thereby minimizing damage to surrounding tissue and producing welds sufficient for wound closure.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5686, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics, (25 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.590614
Show Author Affiliations
Andre M. Gobin, Rice Univ. (United States)
D. Patrick O'Neal, Nanospectra Biosciences, Inc. (United States)
Naomi J. Halas, Rice Univ. (United States)
Rebekah A. Drezek, Rice Univ. (United States)
Jennifer L. West, Rice Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5686:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics
Brian Jet-Fei Wong M.D.; Eugene A. Trowers M.D.; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Abraham Katzir; Nikiforos Kollias; Reza S. Malek M.D.; Henry Hirschberg M.D.; Kenneth Eugene Bartels D.V.M.; Steen J. Madsen; Lloyd P. Tate V.D.M.; Lawrence S. Bass M.D.; Werner T. W. de Riese; Karen M. McNally-Heintzelman, Editor(s)

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