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Proceedings Paper

FLIM and SLIM for molecular imaging in PDT
Author(s): Angelika C. Rueck; Frank Dolp; Christian Huelshoff; Carmen Hauser; Claudia Scalfi-Happ
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Paper Abstract

Various problems arising during molecular imaging of different fluoroprobes and metabolites used in photodynamic therapy could be circumvented by focusing on time-resolved detection. For this, an interesting new method seems to be time-correlated single photon counting, where a time-to-amplitude converter determines the temporal position and a scanning interface connected to the scanning unit of a laser microscope determines the spatial location of a signal. In combination with spectral resolved detection (spectral lifetime imaging) the set-up achieves the features of highly sophisticated lifetime imaging systems. The photoactive substance on which 5-ALA PDT is based, is protoporphyrine IX which is synthesized in mitochondria. Alternatively, other metabolites from 5-ALA could be involved. Subcellular differentiation of those metabolites without extensive extraction procedures is not trivial, because of highly overlapping spectral properties. Measuring the fluorescence lifetime on a subcellular level could be a successful alternative. To record lifetime images (τ-mapping) a setup consisting on a laser scanning microscope equipped with detection units for time-correlated single photon counting and ps diode lasers for short-pulsed excitation was implemented. The time-resolved fluorescence characteristics of 5-ALA metabolites were investigated in solution and in cell culture. The lifetimes were best fitted by a biexponential fitting routine. Different lifetimes could be found in different cell compartments. During illumination, the lifetimes decreased significantly. Different metabolites of 5-ALA could be correlated with different fluorescence lifetimes. In addition cells were coincubated with the nuclear staining dye DAPI, in order to investigate the cell cycle. Using appropriate filtering or alternatively spectral lifetime imaging the time-resolved fluorescence of DAPI could be very well distinguished from 5-ALA-metabolites. In contrast to ALA, the lifetime of DAPI, which was best fitted monoexponentially did not change during photobleaching, making this dye a perfect internal standard.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5700, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences V, (30 March 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.590439
Show Author Affiliations
Angelika C. Rueck, Institute for Laser Technologies in Medicine and Metrology (Germany)
Frank Dolp, Institute for Laser Technologies in Medicine and Metrology (Germany)
Christian Huelshoff, Institute for Laser Technologies in Medicine and Metrology (Germany)
Carmen Hauser, Institute for Laser Technologies in Medicine and Metrology (Germany)
Claudia Scalfi-Happ, Institute for Laser Technologies in Medicine and Metrology (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5700:
Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences V
Ammasi Periasamy; Peter T. C. So, Editor(s)

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